EIA means the process and procedure of evaluating and predicting the likely environmental impacts of a proposed activity.
What is Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)?
What is the purpose of EIA?
Requirements to undertake an EIA
All persons who wish to undertake or implement an activity prescribed under section 3 of the Environmental Assessment Act No. 10 of 2011 shall:
Apply to a licensing authority for authorization to undertake such activity and that authorization should be issued;
Environmental Assessment Act No. 10 of 2011
The environmental impact of the proposed activity should be fully taken onto account I accordance with the provision of the Environmental Assessment Act No. 10 of 2011
Important Steps in the EIA Process
This is the initial stage of the EIA process where the developer submits a project brief to the DEA for screening to determine whether a detailed EIA is required before implementation of the proposed development.
The aim of the scoping exercise is to determine the detail and extent of the EIA Study. This stage is marked by review of the desktop studies, field investigations as well as extensive public participation of interested and affected parties to solicit their view and concerns.
This stage identifies, categorizes and evaluates impacts and ensures that they are critically considered and suggests how the impact can be mitigated.
These are implementation tools that serve to translate suggested mitigation measures into specific actions that are easier to carry and monitor.
DEA reviews the EIA with other technical Government institutions. At this stage the review team assures comprehensiveness and quality of information in the EIA report. The reviewer makes a decision of whether to approve or disapprove the report based on whether it meets all the requirements or not.
Monitoring provides information that aids impact management while auditing is done to verify whether or not the conditions of approval have been implemented, test accuracy of impact prediction and effectiveness of the mitigation measures.
Facts about Environmental Assessment (EA) Act of 2011
EA is a tool required for sustainable development.
OTHER IMPORTANT SECTIONS